Business at the limits: how Afghan start-ups fend for themselves
نوشته شده توسط FINANCIAL TIMES (UK)
Despite paying corporate tax at a rate of 20 per cent, Afghanistan's Moby Media Group can rely on little help from the government.
Security is provided by a private firm. The police are allied with political leaders, who object to Tolo Television's coverage of their policies. In the wake of an interview last month, in which he was questioned about his failure to tackle corruption, Abdul Jabar Sabet, the attorney-general, sent policemen to arrest reporters without a warrant. The station caught the raid on camera, and after the reporters' release broadcast images of injuries they suffered while in custody.
Meanwhile, the Information Ministry is trying to push draconian media laws through parliament. It has tried to bar Lemar Television from airing broadcasts by the English arm of Al Jazeera television as part of a broader effort to rein in media that have criticised government.
"It is a pretty lonely place for most businesses," says Saad Mohseni, the media group's director. "You can't rely on the legal institutions. There is no one you can rely on."
Like many other businesses, the stations produce their own electricity using generators, which costs 20-25 US cents per kilowatt hour. "That's double what it should be," he says.
There is no public transport so employees have to be ferried to work in company cars, which break down regularly on the country's poorly maintained roads.